1/23/2009 - Salmonella Investigation & Peanut Butter Recall

Salmonella Investigation & Peanut Butter Recall

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is collaborating with public health officials in many states and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate a multistate outbreak of human infections due to Salmonella serotype Typhimurium.

As of Jan 21, 2009, 486 persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Typhimurium have been reported from 43 states and Canada. Among the 469 persons with dates available, illnesses began between September 8, 2008 and January 9, 2009.

Patients range in age from <1 to 98 years; 48% are female. Among persons with available information, 23% reported being hospitalized. Infection may have contributed to six deaths.

The investigation is ongoing, and exposures to peanut butter and other peanut butter-containing products are being examined.

Preliminary analysis of the first national case-control study conducted by CDC and public health officials in multiple states on January 3 and 4, 2009, comparing foods eaten by ill and well persons indicates that peanut butter is a likely source of the bacteria causing the infections.

New Jersey

23 cases have been reported in New Jersey and six of the cases have been hospitalized.

Atlantic-5; Bergen-1; Camden-2; Cape May-1; Cumberland-1; Essex-1; Gloucester-1

Hudson-2; Middlesex 1; Monmouth-1; Morris-2; Ocean-2; Salem-1; Union-1;Warren-1

Last time someone reported getting sick was mid-December

Onset or isolate date range: 10/14/08-12/16/08

Age range: 2-83 years

Gender: 63% female

All information regarding this outbreak investigation has been communicated to local health departments in the state.

In addition, to LINCS notices, DHSS has asked local health departments that when health officers conduct routine inspections if they see product named in the recall on the shelves that they alert the retail establishment and remove the items.

Additionally, FDA is reaching out to retail establishments that might have received these items and alerting the establishments of the recall.

Hackensack

In Hackensack, information about the recall has been faxed to affected food establishments. Inspectors have conducted and are continuing to conduct recall effectiveness checks at our local food establishments to ensure that recalled products are removed from sale.

Symptoms

Most persons infected with salmonella develop diarrhea (sometimes bloody), vomiting, fever, and abdominal cramps within12 to 72 hours after infection. Illness ranges from mild to severe. If you have the symptoms, see your health professional.

Incubation period is usually between 6 and 48 hours.

The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover without treatment.

Every year, approximately 40,000 cases of salmonellosis are reported in the United States. Because many milder cases are not diagnosed or reported, the actual number of infections may be thirty or more times greater

Young children, the elderly, and the immunocompromised are the most likely to have severe infections.

It is estimated that approximately 400 persons die each year with acute salmonellosis.

For more information:

Visit FDA.gov and CDC.gov for detailed information and background on salmonella and this particular investigation.

Updated 1/23/09